Main content area

A novel antibody-based enrichment and mass spectrometry approach for the detection of species-specific blood peptides in feed matrices

Niedzwiecka, Alicia, Boucharef, Lyes, Hahn, Sarah, Zarske, Michael, Steinhilber, Andreas, Poetz, Oliver, Zagon, Jutta, Seidler, Tassilo, Braeuning, Albert, Lampen, Alfonso
Food control 2019 v.98 pp. 141-149
additives, aquaculture feeds, blood, blood meal, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, dried milk, fish meal, hemoglobin, mass spectrometry, peptides, ruminants, swine
Blood is an important animal by-product and an attractive source for animal feed production. However, the outspread of bovine spongiform encephalopathy led to strict regulations on the usage of animal by-products in animal feed. Although, the ban on certain processed animal proteins has been partially abolished in recent years, it is still challenging to distinguish legal from illegal protein additives in complex feed products using analytical methods. To overcome these gaps, this study aimed to develop a tissue-specific and sensitive immuno-based enrichment and mass spectrometry-based detection method to identify haemoglobin peptides of ruminant or porcine origin when mixed in a background of vegetal feed, fish meal, aquaculture feed, blood compounds, or milk powder. Here we report the first analytical method able to species-specifically detect adulterations of as little as 0.05%–1% (w/w) ruminant blood meal in various matrices on a quadrupole-time of flight instrument.