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A simple isothermal nucleic acid amplification method for the effective on-site identification for adulteration of pork source in mutton

Liu, Rui, Wang, Xiudan, Wang, Xuejiao, Shi, Yanjing, Shi, Chao, Wang, Wei, Ma, Cuiping
Food control 2019 v.98 pp. 297-302
DNA, adulterated products, colorimetry, denaturation, equipment, fluorescence, gene amplification, mutton, nucleotide sequences, pork, species identification, technicians
As meat adulteration issue is becoming increasingly prominent worldwide, it is crucial to realize on-site detection with simple equipment. Conventional nucleic acid amplification methods are reliable but the requirement of complex equipment, skilled technicians and long operation time limit their on-site use. Here, a simple denaturation bubble-mediated strand exchange amplification method (SEA) requiring only a pair of primers and one polymerase was first reported for identifying adulteration of pork source by targeting the specie-specific mitochondrial DNA sequence. The SEA method displayed good specificity for pork and could detect as low as 30 pg/μL pork DNA. In binary mixtures, the SEA method could detect 1% pork meat total DNA by both colorimetric and fluorescence determination, fulfilling the requirement of artificial meat adulteration. Excitedly, the whole detection process could be finished within 1 h by coupling with fast tissue DNA extraction method, only requiring a simple heating block. Therefore, with simplicity and rapidity, SEA method will be suitable for on-site meat species identification.