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HIGH-EFFICIENT reversible solid oxide fuel cell coupled with waste steam for distributed electrical energy storage system
- Giap, Van-Tien, Kang, Sanggyu, Ahn, Kook Young
- Renewable energy 2019 v.144 pp. 129-138
- computer software, electric power, energy density, exergy, fuel cells, fuels, hydrogen, models, renewable energy sources, steam, temperature, wastes
- Recently, the penetration of renewable energy into the power sector has dramatically increased; thus, electrical energy storage (EES) systems with long duration time, high capacity, and high energy density are essential. Reversible solid oxide fuel cell (RSOFC) systems have become a promising candidate for this important role. In this study, a new RSOFC system coupled with waste steam considering the compatibility between charge and discharge modes is proposed. A lumped model of RSOFC stack was integrated into EBSILON®Professional commercial software for system analysis. Parametric studies were conducted to examine the effects of fuel composition, waste steam temperature, and steam conversion ratio on three system round-trip efficiency types: reference system round-trip efficiency (ηRT1), electrical round-trip efficiency (ηRT2), and exergy round-trip efficiency (ηRT3). Base case calculation shows that the system round-trip efficiencies ηRT1, ηRT2, and ηRT3 are 37.9%, 53.8% and 49.6%, respectively. In the parametric analysis, as hydrogen volume concentration in the hydrogen-steam mixture in the SOEC mode was increased from 10% to 60%, ηRT1 and ηRT2 increased, reaching a maximum value of 54.2% and 38.7% at 30% and 40% of H2 concentration, respectively. The exergy round-trip efficiency had the same trend as ηRT2 and reaches maximum value of 50.1%. The waste steam temperature had a small effect on all round-trip efficiency types. The increase in steam conversion ratio relatively improved ηRT1 and ηRT3, but negligibly influences ηRT2. The proposed system provided a solution for upgrading the EES system performance via integrating a RSOFC system with low exergy waste steam. The efficiencies ηRT2 and ηRT3 were much higher than ηRT1 because of the use of waste steam. The exergy round-trip efficiency with consideration of waste steam exergy was a good indicator of system performance.