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Bifunctional and recyclable Dawson-type polyoxometalates catalyze oxidative degradation of lignocellulose to selectively produce phthalates

Shi, Nan, Liu, Dong, Dang, Falu, Chen, Qingtai, Li, Min, Wen, Fushan
Bioresource technology 2019 v.273 pp. 677-681
catalysts, depolymerization, hemicellulose, ingredients, ketones, lignin, lignocellulose, oxidation, phenols, phthalates
Acid-redox bifunctional Dawson-type polyoxometalates K6P2W18O62 (P2W18) and K10P2W17O61 (P2W17) were introduced as the new-type catalysts in oxidative decomposition of lignocellulose. The lignin and hemicellulose ingredients of lignocellulose could be decomposed by P2W17 to produce diisobutyl phthalate with the selectivity of 75.67% and other aromatic and aliphatic compounds under mild conditions, evidently differed from other POMs-catalyzed lignocellulose depolymerization in which aromatic ketones and phenols were the main compounds. Diisobutyl phthalate was obtained from the oxidation of Cα-OR and α-OH of the phenyl structure. The catalyst could be recycled for three times without obvious deactivation. This is the first report of lignocellulose decomposition catalyzed by Dawson-type polyoxometalates to selectively produce phthalates.