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The effects of surfactants (sodium dodecyl sulfate, triton X-100 and cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide) on the dewaterability of microalgae biomass using pressure filtration

Taghavijeloudar, Mohsen, Park, Junboum, Hashemi, Shervin, Han, Mooyoung
Bioresource technology 2019 v.273 pp. 565-572
Chlamydomonas, biomass, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, filtration, fouling, harvesting, microalgae, neutralization, octoxynol, sodium dodecyl sulfate, surfactants
The application of pressure filtration in microalgae harvesting requires chemical pretreatment in order to reduce membrane fouling and to increase water flux. Surfactants have shown potential to enhance microalgae dewaterability by charge neutralization, bridging and releasing extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and bound water. In this study, the effect of three surfactants including anionic sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), non-ionic triton X-100 and cationic cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) on the dewaterability of Chlamydomonas sp. was investigated. Filtration fluxes and biomass concentrations were used to evaluate the microalgae dewaterability. Based on the results, SDS and Triton X-100 had a negative effect on the dewaterability of microalgae biomass. However, CTAB improved the dewaterability by decreasing the reversible and irreversible fouling resistance. The optimum dosage of CTAB was found to be 1500 mg/L, and resulted in 95.8% and 140% improvement on average water flux and biomass recovery efficiency, respectively.