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Benefit of solid-liquid separation on volatile fatty acid production from grass clipping with ultrasound-calcium hydroxide pretreatment

Wang, Siqi, Tao, Xue, Zhang, Guangming, Zhang, Panyue, Wang, Hongjie, Ye, Junpei, Li, Fan, Zhang, Qian, Nabi, Mohammad
Bioresource technology 2019 v.274 pp. 97-104
Halocella, alkali treatment, biomass, fermentation, grasses, kinetics, lignocellulose, liquids, propionic acid, volatile fatty acids
Ultrasound-calcium hydroxide (US-Ca(OH)2) pretreatment effectively enhanced volatile fatty acid (VFA) production from lignocellulosic biomass. In this paper, solid and liquid fraction of pretreated grass clipping was for the first time separately fermented in order to improve organic recovery from liquid fraction and reduce inhibition due to alkaline pretreatment. The total VFA yield and VS removal reached 515 mg/g TS and 59.7% after solid-liquid separation, exhibiting an increase of 116.7% and 91.9% comparing to that of mixture sample. The dominate components of VFAs are acetic and propionate acid, accounting for 80–90% of total VFAs. Kinetic analysis showed that the highest maximum VFA production rate of 690 mg/L·d and the highest cumulative VFA production potential of 3299 mg/L were achieved in the fermentation of solid fraction. Microbial analysis showed that the dominate genera for VFA production were Halocella and Ruminiclostridium, both with a relative abundance of 20.1% in fermentation of solid fraction.