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Preparation of immobilized lipase by modified polyacrylonitrile hollow membrane using nitrile-click chemistry

Li, Youran, Wang, Hanrong, Lu, Jiawei, Chu, Alex, Zhang, Liang, Ding, Zhongyang, Xu, Sha, Gu, Zhenghua, Shi, Guiyang
Bioresource technology 2019 v.274 pp. 9-17
biodiesel, biomass, calcium chloride, carboxylic ester hydrolases, enzyme activity, immobilized enzymes, polyacrylonitrile, proteins, sodium alginate, transesterification
The application of immobilized lipase in the enzymatic production of biodiesel has shown numerous advantages. In this study, surface of Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) hollow membrane was first modified using nitrile-click chemistry in order to fit for interaction with enzyme proteins. Then sodium alginate (SA) was introduced and the membrane was post-treated by CaCl2. When the prepared PAN-PEI-SA-CaCl2 was used for lipase immobilization, the protein loading was 36.90 mg/g, and the enzyme activity reached up to 54.47 U/g, which was 2.5 times as much as that of Novozym® 435. As a result, the constructed immobilized lipase obtained a maximum biodiesel yield of 78.5%, which was 2.4 times that of the Novozym® 435 in transesterification reactions. Moreover, the biodiesel yield decreased by only 11% after the immobilized enzyme was continuously used for 20 times. This study exhibits that this technic has broad application prospects in the field of conversion of biomass resources.