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Development and Testing of the Healthy Food Pantry Assessment Tool

Author:
Bush-Kaufman, Alexandra, Barale, Karen, Aragón, M. Catalina, Walsh, Marie
Source:
Journal of nutrition education and behavior 2019 v.51 no.5 pp. 578-588
ISSN:
1499-4046
Subject:
descriptive statistics, food pantries, healthy diet, interviews, nutrition education, surveys
Abstract:
To develop and test an observational survey that quantifies food pantry environments (FPE).Best practices in FPE were identified through key informant interviews. The tool was pilot-tested, including a content review, and then field-tested for reliability.Key informant phone interviews (n = 41); pilot and field test visits occurred at 45 pantries from multiple states.Food bank/pantry staff and nutrition educators were recruited for interviews through purposive and snowball sampling. Pilot and field test survey users (n = 65) were food pantry representatives and matched community partners who both rated the FPE using the tool.Pearson correlation was used to determine test-retest and interrater reliability.Qualitative data were coded for healthy FPE strategies. Quantitative data were calculated using descriptive statistics (significant at P < .05).Qualitative data were coded for observable FPE characteristics. Reliability scores were substantial to nearly perfect for 48 of 61 survey items (79%) for test-retest and 49 of 61 (80%) for interrater reliability (Pearson r = .6–1.0).The Healthy Food Pantry Assessment Tool is research-tested and can be used to evaluate and quantify the healthfulness of FPE.
Agid:
6234503