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Probiotics supplementation for the obesity management; A systematic review of animal studies and clinical trials

Ejtahed, Hanieh-Sadat, Angoorani, Pooneh, Soroush, Ahmad-Reza, Atlasi, Rasha, Hasani-Ranjbar, Shirin, Mortazavian, Amir M., Larijani, Bagher
Journal of functional foods 2019 v.52 pp. 228-242
Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, adolescents, adults, animal models, childhood obesity, children, clinical trials, databases, probiotics, systematic review, waist circumference, weight gain
Obesity has been declared as global epidemic that has nearly doubled during recent decades. In this systematic review, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane and Scopus databases were searched for entire animal studies and clinical trials focusing on the effects of various probiotic supplements on obesity up to September 2018. Of 3405 studies identified through searching literatures, finally 72 experimental studies and 15 clinical trials were included. Among the animal studies, probiotic supplementation led to reduced weight gain or fat accumulation in 61 studies using different strains of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Five of clinical trials were conducted on obese children and adolescents. Three of them revealed positive results, one of them showed no effect and the other one caused weight gain. Among the other ten clinical trials conducted on obese adults, nine studies showed probiotic efficiency in reducing weight or waist circumferences. Specific strains of probiotics had anti-obesity effects.