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Administration of Lactobacillus paracasei strains improves immunomodulation and changes the composition of gut microbiota leading to improvement of colitis in mice

Kim, Woon-Ki, Jang, You Jin, Seo, Boram, Han, Dae Hee, Park, SungJun, Ko, GwangPyo
Journal of functional foods 2019 v.52 pp. 565-575
Lactobacillus paracasei, colitis, dextran, immunomodulation, interferon-gamma, interleukin-10, interleukin-17, interleukin-6, intestinal microorganisms, lymph nodes, mice, models, mucins, mucus, protective effect, sodium, tight junctions, tumor necrosis factors
We confirmed that Lactobacillus paracasei (L. paracasei) strains (KBL382, 384, 385) exhibited strong protective effects in an in vivo dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis model. L. paracasei treatment significantly improved colitis symptoms. Among tested strains, L. paracasei KBL382-treated mice exhibited significantly lower levels of cytokines interferon gamma, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor, and IL-17A. On the other hand, higher levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 and CD4 + CD25 + Foxp3+ T regulatory cell populations in mesenteric lymph nodes were observed in mice group with L. paracasei. L. paracasei treatment clearly increased zonula occluden-1, claudin 3, and mucin 4 levels, which improved the tight junction and mucus thickness. L. paracasei-treated mice showed significantly higher bacterial diversity and changed the composition of cecal microbiota. Therefore, we suggest that L. paracasei could be a useful tool in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases via immunomodulation and the improvement of gut microbiota.