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Cannabis as conundrum

Sandler, Leah N., Beckerman, Janna L., Whitford, Fred, Gibson, Kevin A.
Crop protection 2019 v.117 pp. 37-44
Cannabis sativa, drugs, econometric models, education programs, federal government, growers, hemp, issues and policy, laws and regulations, pesticide law, pesticides, product safety, United States
Cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.) is the genus name for plants that include numerous species, but can be separated broadly into two classes of plants: industrial hemp and marijuana. Despite clear differences in desirable traits, hemp and marijuana appear to readily interbreed making it difficult to legally separate the two species. The current regulatory and legal system in the U.S. is convoluted, confusing, and impractical with the federal government considering all Cannabis a Schedule 1 drug and thus handcuffing itself from all further necessary policy in terms of end use differentiating, pesticide regulation, and product safety development. Additionally, state governments have moved forward with Cannabis legislation and without federal oversight have many different interpretation of the law. Current discrepancies among state laws and between federal drug legislation pose a dilemma in how pesticide use in Cannabis production can be addressed. A working regulatory system for agricultural pesticides requires interactions between producers, state and federal government, and third-party testing laboratories, along with educational programs to train growers appropriate best management and pest management practices for their business model.