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Sero-prevalence of rubella among pregnant women in India, 2017
- Muliyil, Divya Elizabeth, Singh, Pratibha, Jois, Srinivas Krishna, Otiv, Suhas, Suri, Vanita, Varma, Vishakha, Abraham, Asha Mary, Raut, Chandrakant, Gupta, Minakshi, Singh, Mini P., Viswanathan, Rajalakshmi, Naik, Sadanand, Nag, Vijaylakshmi, Benakappa, Asha, Bavdekar, Ashish, Sapkal, Gajanan, Singh, Kuldeep, Gupta, Nivedita, Verma, Sanjay, Santhanam, Sridhar, Mishra, Sudhir, Bhatnagar, Ambar, Prasad, G.R.V., Kolekar, Jyoti, Raj, Naga, Sabarinathan, R., Sachdeva, Ravinder Kaur, George, Suji, Chaudhary, Shyama, Verghese, Valsan Philip, Jagtap, Vishal, Bharadwaj, Manasa, Murhekar, Manoj
- Vaccine 2018 v.36 no.52 pp. 7909-7912
- Rubella virus, antibodies, childhood, cities, educational status, hospitals, immunization, immunoglobulin G, monitoring, pregnant women, seroprevalence, vaccines, India
- We conducted a sero-survey among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics of six hospitals which also function as sentinel sites for CRS surveillance, to estimate the prevalence of IgG antibodies against rubella.We systematically sampled 1800 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics and tested their sera for IgG antibodies against rubella. We classified sera as seropositive (titre ≥10 IU/ml), sero-negative (titre <8 IU/ml) or indeterminate (titre 8–9.9 IU/ml) per manufacturer's instructions. In a sub-sample, we estimated the titers of IgG antibodies against rubella. IgG titer of ≥10 IU/mL was considered protective.Of 1800 sera tested, 1502 (83.4%) were seropositive and 24 (1.3%) were indeterminate and 274 (15.2%) were sero-negative. Rubella sero-positivity did not differ by age group, educational status or place of residence. Three hundred and eighty three (87.8%) of the 436 sera had IgG concentrations ≥10 IU/mL.The results of the serosurvey indicate high levels of rubella sero-positivity in pregnant women. High sero-prevalence in the absence of routine childhood immunization indicates continued transmission of rubella virus in cities where sentinel sites are located.