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Evaluation of the genetic stability of Sabin strains and the consistency of inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine made from Sabin strains using direct deep-sequencing

Deng, Yan, Cai, Wei, Li, Jinyan, Li, Ying, Yang, Xiaolei, Ma, Yan, Yao, Yufeng, Yang, Lujie, Shi, Li, Sun, Mingbo
Vaccine 2019 v.37 no.1 pp. 130-136
Enterovirus C, genetic stability, genome, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, manufacturing, monitoring, mutants, mutation, quality control, vaccines, viruses
Inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine made from Sabin strains (sIPV) has been encouraged to introduce in the “Global Polio Eradication & Endgame Strategic Plan” and increasingly used worldwide. Attenuated Sabin strains used in manufacture of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) and sIPV may regain full or partial neurovirulence during growth in vaccine recipients and the vaccine manufacturing processes. Ensuring the molecular consistency of sIPV batches and that no mutation accumulates beyond the level present in past batches are important for quality control of vaccine manufacture process. Direct deep-sequencing allows the construction of a library of virus RNA and the detection of genetic mutations throughout the viral genome. In the present study, direct deep-sequencing was conducted to detect molecular mutations in virus passages, multiple sIPV monovalent lots, and virus monovalent lots from different polio type III strains. The results indicated that direct deep-sequencing can be used to identify and quantify small amounts of mutant viruses in vaccine preparations, trace the source of a specific virus seed, and monitor the batch-to-batch consistency of vaccines, suggesting that this technique could be suitable for the quality control and consistency monitoring of sIPV production.