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Effect of calcium peroxide on the water quality and bacterium community of sediment in black-odor water

Wang, Wen-Huai, Wang, Yi, Fan, Pan, Chen, Lin-Feng, Chai, Bao-Hua, Zhao, Jing-Chan, Sun, Lu-Qin
Environmental pollution 2019 v.248 pp. 18-27
aerobes, anaerobes, anaerobic conditions, bacteria, calcium peroxide, chemical oxygen demand, community structure, dissolved oxygen, field experimentation, landscapes, microbial communities, pollutants, redox potential, sediments, turbidity, water quality
This study investigated how efficiently CaO2 could treat black-odor landscape water caused by low dissolved oxygen (DO) in a field experiment of 600 m2. The study demonstrated that CaO2 could significantly elevate the DO concentration in waters and the oxidation–reduction potential (ORP) level in sediments (p = 0.003 and p = 0), which is conducive to improving the anoxic environment of landscape water. The concentrations of total chemical oxygen demand (TCOD) and S2− in overlying and interstitial waters were considerably decreased. The average concentrations of TCOD in the overlying and interstitial waters of the test zone (TZ) were 52.98% and 66.05% of those of the control zone (CZ), and the average concentrations of S2− in the overlying and interstitial waters of TZ were 29.63% and 39.79% of those of CZ. Meanwhile, CaO2 could obviously reduce turbidity but increase the transparency in the overlying water. The mean value of turbidity in the overlying water of TZ was 39.46% of that of CZ, whereas the transparency in the overlying water of TZ was 2.07 times that of CZ. Furthermore, CaO2 changed the microbial community structure in the sediments, where the relative abundance of anaerobic bacteria was decreased but that of the aerobic bacteria was increased with some functional bacteria. In summary, CaO2 could significantly increase the DO and ORP in black-odor landscape water, obviously inhibit the release of pollutants from sediment, and increase the diversity of microbial strains. Consequently, the black-odor phenomenon of landscape water could be alleviated effectively by adding CaO2.