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Preventive role of Pycnogenol® against the hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and DNA damage in diabetic rats

Aydın, Sevtap, Bacanlı, Merve, Anlar, Hatice Gül, Çal, Tuğbagül, Arı, Nuray, Ündeğer Bucurgat, Ülkü, Başaran, Arif Ahmet, Başaran, Nursen
Food and chemical toxicology 2019 v.124 pp. 54-63
DNA damage, Pinus pinaster, alanine transaminase, animal disease models, animal tissues, aspartate transaminase, bilirubin, blood cells, catalase, cholesterol, comet assay, diabetes mellitus, enzyme activity, gamma-glutamyltransferase, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione transferase, glutathione-disulfide reductase, high density lipoprotein, hyperglycemia, immune system, insulin, kidneys, lipid composition, liver, liver function, low density lipoprotein, malondialdehyde, neoplasms, oxidative stress, plant extracts, rats, superoxide dismutase, triacylglycerols
Diabetes mellitus, a complex progressive metabolic disorder, leads to some oxidative stress related complications. Pycnogenol® (PYC), a plant extract obtained from Pinus pinaster, has been suggested to be effective in many diseases including diabetes, cancer, inflammatory and immune system disorders. The mechanisms underlying the effects of PYC in diabetes need to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of PYC treatment (50 mg/kg/day, orally, for 28 days) on the DNA damage and biochemical changes in the blood, liver, and kidney tissues of experimental diabetic rats. Changes in the activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and glutathione-S-transferase enzymes, and the levels of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine, total glutathione, malondialdehyde, insulin, total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, total cholesterol, and triglyceride were evaluated. DNA damage was also determined in the whole blood cells and the liver and renal tissue cells using the alkaline comet assay. PYC treatment significantly ameliorated the oxidative stress, lipid profile, and liver function parameters as well as DNA damage in the hyperglycemic rats. The results show that PYC treatment might improve the hyperglycemia-induced biochemical and physiological changes in diabetes.