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Catalytic ozonation of 4-chloronitrobenzene by goethite and Fe2+-modified goethite with low defects: A comparative study

Yuan, Lei, Shen, Jimin, Yan, Pengwei, Zhang, Jizhou, Wang, Zhe, Zhao, Shengxin, Chen, Zhonglin
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.365 pp. 744-750
Lewis acids, active sites, carbonates, catalytic activity, goethite, humic acids, hydroxyl radicals, ions, iron, magnetic materials, moieties, ozonation, ozone, pH, phosphates, sulfates
In this study, Fe2+-modified goethite with low defects (α-Fe(Fe2+)OOH) was synthesized and characterized. Results revealed that α-Fe(Fe2+)OOH is a nano magnetic material with goethite (α-FeOOH) -type structures and has fewer Lewis acid of Fe3+ on its surface. Moreover, α-Fe(Fe2+)OOH was effective in catalytic ozonation of 4-chloronitrobenzene (4-CNB), which is a probe contaminant that cannot be efficiently removed through sole ozonation. The removal of 4-CNB increased with ozone concentration and α-Fe(Fe2+)OOH dosage, but decreased with the presence of carbonate, sulfate and phosphate. The catalytic activity of α-Fe(Fe2+)OOH also showed a dependence on solution pH. The presence of humic acid accelerated 4-CNB removal at low concentration but inhibited the removal at high concentration. In comparison with α-FeOOH, α-Fe(Fe2+)OOH significantly enhanced hydroxyl radicals generation and reduced Fe ions release in this process. The hydroxyl groups of Fe3+ on α-FeOOH and α-Fe(Fe2+)OOH surface was active site for ozone decomposition into hydroxyl radicals. Introducing Fe2+ significantly increased the density of surface hydroxyl groups relative to α-FeOOH. This enhancement significantly promoted hydroxyl radicals generation and 4-CNB degradation in the solution.