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Status of carbon capture and storage in India’s coal fired power plants: A critical review

Kumar, Ravinder, Jilte, Ravindra, Nikam, Keval Chandrakant, Ahmadi, Mohammad Hossein
Environmental technology & innovation 2019 v.13 pp. 94-103
carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon sequestration, coal, energy, environmental technology, greenhouse gas emissions, mixed economy, power plants, India
India is a country with developing mixed economy and requires a huge amount of energy to complete industrial as well as daily social need of its countrymen. Majority of its energy demand is going to be fulfill by coal based power plants. The country is heavily reliant on coal used as a primary fuel in power plant. However, the use of coal at higher level polluting the environment in a continuous manner. Alone, India’s power sector is responsible for half of all CO2 emission in the nation and therefore a serious attention is required in this direction to reduce (GHG) emissions in the environment. Presently, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) act as a bridging technology and a viable option for coal fired power plants to extract CO2. But, still in India the adoption of CCS in coal fired power plant is poor. In UNFCCCs Paris Summit, India committed to reduce its carbon intensity by 30%–33% by 2030. The present study deals with the scenario of CCS with various challenges and its implementation efforts in India.