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Identifying advantages and drawbacks of two hydrological models based on a sensitivity analysis: a study in two Chilean watersheds

Parra, Víctor, Fuentes-Aguilera, Patricio, Muñoz, Enrique
Hydrological sciences journal 2018 v.63 no.12 pp. 1831-1843
basins, climate change, hydrologic models, information processing, land use change, planning, runoff, water resources, watersheds
Hydrological modelling has undergone constant growth with the increase in information processing capabilities. Hydrological models have traditionally been used to study the effects of climate change on management and land-use changes and for water resources planning, among other purposes. The aim of this study was to determine and analyse the advantages of the HBV and HYMOD models, which are commonly used in hydrology on daily and monthly time scales. A regional sensitivity analysis was used to compare the processes that take on greater importance at different time scales in the two models. As a result, it was found that quick precipitation–runoff processes prove to be better represented in the HBV model, while slow, time-aggregated processes are better represented by the HYMOD model. This study confirms that both models are adequate for rain-dominated basins, such as those of the study area. Additionally, the HBV model proved to be more robust in comparison to HYMOD.