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Differentiation in low molecular weight organic acids exudation into rhizosphere and their creation in Ulmus laevis Pall organs treated by As – pot experiment

Magdziak, Zuzanna, Goliński, Piotr, Gąsecka, Monika, Budka, Anna, Mleczek, Mirosław
Chemistry in ecology 2019 v.35 no.1 pp. 36-53
Ulmus, arsenates, arsenic, exudation, hydroponics, leaves, molecular weight, organic acids and salts, rhizosphere, roots, seedlings, toxicity
Two-year old Ulmus laevis Pall (U. laevis) seedlings were cultivated in a three-month hydroponic experiment with inorganic (aresenite – As(III) and arsenate – As(V)) and organic (dimethylarsenic acid – DMA(V)) arsenic forms, at 0.06 and/or 0.6 mM concentrations. Further, the profile and content of total low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs) were investigated in the rhizosphere, roots and leaves of U. laevis. Obtained results showed that the addition of As(III) or As(V) individually or in a mixture led to increased LMWOAs concentration in the rhizosphere, especially of oxalic and malonic acids, in comparison to the control, while in roots the overall content of the profiled LMWOAs decreased. In both rhizosphere and roots, addition of the DMA(V) form resulted in the inhibition of LMWOAs exudation into the rhizosphere and their creation in plant roots. Leaves were characterised by a higher content of LMWOAs than in the rhizosphere and roots for all experimental systems, where the profile and content of LMWOAs was strictly correlated with the analysed As forms. Our study indicated that creation of LMWOAs in U. laevis organs and their exudation to the rhizosphere could be responsible for the As toxicity tolerance of the plants.