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Access to cerebrospinal fluid in piglets via the cisterna magna: optimization and description of the technique

Romagnoli, Noemi, Ventrella, Domenico, Giunti, Massimo, Dondi, Francesco, Sorrentino, Nicolina C, Fraldi, Alessandro, Surace, Enrico M, Bacci, Maria L
Laboratory animals 2014 v.48 no.4 pp. 345-348
cerebrospinal fluid, drugs, gene transfer, laboratory animals, piglets, wings
The collection of cerebrospinal fluid is necessary in order to determine its composition. It can then be used to diagnose various diseases. The aim of the study was to develop and optimize a technique for performing safe centesis for the collection of cerebrospinal fluid in piglets and its injection through the cisterna magna. The study was divided into three phases: (1) anatomical study of cadavers, (2) in vivo application of the technique and (3) observation of recovery time. The proposed technique resulted in a safe puncture of the cisterna magna. The authors identified and confirmed the correspondence of the crista occipitalis and the wings of the atlas with the external landmarks on the cadaver by means of direct radiological visualization. The punctures were performed successfully at the first attempt in 11 out of 12 anaesthetized piglets. The technique herein described provides a reproducible safe and easy route for approaching the cisterna magna for cerebrospinal fluid collection, drug administration and gene delivery.