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Investigation of Interactions between Thrombin and Ten Phenolic Compounds by Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis and Molecular Docking

Li, Qiao-Qiao, Yang, Yu-Xiu, Qv, Jing-Wen, Hu, Guang, Hu, Yuan-Jia, Xia, Zhi-Ning, Yang, Feng-Qing
Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry (Online) 2018 v.2018
4-hydroxybenzoic acid, apigenin, blood coagulation, capillary electrophoresis, catechin, computer simulation, drugs, epicatechin, fibrin, fibrinogen, gallic acid, naringenin, platelet aggregation, protocatechuic acid, taxifolin, therapeutics, thrombin, thrombosis, vanillic acid
Thrombin plays a vital role in blood coagulation, which is a key process involved in thrombosis by promoting platelet aggregation and converting fibrinogen to form the fibrin clot. In the receptor concept, drugs produce their therapeutic effects via interactions with the targets. Therefore, investigation of interaction between thrombin and small molecules is important to find out the potential thrombin inhibitor. In this study, affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) and in silico molecular docking methods were developed to study the interaction between thrombin and ten phenolic compounds (p-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin, dihydroquercetin, naringenin, apigenin, and baicalein). The ACE results showed that gallic acids and six flavonoid compounds had relative strong interactions with thrombin. In addition, the docking results indicated that all of optimal conformations of the six flavonoid compounds were positioned into the thrombin activity centre and had interaction with the HIS57 or SER195 which was the key residue to bind thrombin inhibitors such as argatroban. Herein, these six flavonoid compounds might have the potential of thrombin inhibition activity. In addition, the developed method in this study can be further applied to study the interactions of other molecules with thrombin.