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Antibiotic Resistance of Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci and Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Naturally Fermented Chinese Cured Beef

Wang, Jing, Li, Mingyue, Wang, Jing, Liu, Miaomiao, Yang, Kun, Zhang, Jie, Fan, Mingtao, Wei, Xinyuan
Journal of food protection 2018 v.81 no.12 pp. 2054-2063
DNA fingerprinting, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus sakei, Staphylococcus carnosus, Weissella cibaria, Weissella confusa, agar, ampicillin, antibiotic resistance, beef, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, coagulase negative staphylococci, gentamicin, kanamycin, lactic acid bacteria, lincomycin, neomycin, norfloxacin, oxytetracycline, phenotype, random amplified polymorphic DNA technique, resistance genes, ribosomal RNA, risk assessment, roxithromycin, safety assessment, selective media, sequence analysis, streptomycin, vancomycin
This study provided phenotypic and molecular analysis of the antibiotic resistance within coagulase-negative staphylococci and lactic acid bacteria isolated from naturally fermented Chinese cured beef. A total of 49 strains were isolated by selective medium and identified at the species level by 16S rRNA gene sequencing as follows: Staphylococcus carnosus (37), Lactobacillus plantarum (6), Weissella confusa (4), Lactobacillus sakei (1), and Weissella cibaria (1). All strains were typed by random amplified polymorphic DNA fingerprinting, and their antibiotic resistances profiles to 15 antibiotics were determined as the MIC by using the agar dilution method. All the tested strains were sensitive to ampicillin, and most of them were also sensitive to penicillin, gentamycin, neomycin, norfloxacin, and ciprofloxacin with low MICs. High resistance to streptomycin, vancomycin, erythromycin, roxithromycin, lincomycin, and kanamycin was widely observed, while the resistant levels to tetracycline, oxytetracycline, and chloramphenicol varied. The presence of corresponding resistance genes in resistant isolates was investigated by PCR, with the following genes detected: tet(M) gene in 9 S. carnosus strains and 1 W. confusa strain; erm(F) gene in 10 S. carnosus strains; ere(A) gene in 6 S. carnosus strains; ere(A) gene in 4 S. carnosus strains and 1 L. plantarum strain; and str(A) gene and str(B) gene in 3 S. carnosus strains. The results indicated that multiple antibiotic resistances were common in coagulase-negative staphylococci and lactic acid bacteria strains isolated from naturally fermented Chinese cured beef. Safety analysis and risk assessment should be performed for application in meat products.