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Decolorization and detoxification of textile wastewaters by recombinant Myceliophthora thermophila and Trametes trogii laccases
- Herkommerová, Klára, Dostál, Jiří, Pichová, Iva
- 3 Biotech 2018 v.8 no.12 pp. 505
- Myceliophthora thermophila, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Trametes trogii, decolorization, dyes, fabrics, gel chromatography, glycosylation, humans, hydrophobicity, laccase, molecular weight, mononuclear leukocytes, oxidation, temperature, textile mill effluents, thermal stability, toxicity, wastewater
- Laccases are multi-copper oxidoreductases with broad biotechnological applications. Here, we report detailed biochemical characterization of purified recombinant laccases originating from Myceliophthora thermophila (MtL) and Trametes trogii (TtL). We identified optimal conditions for decolorization of commercial dyes and textile wastewater samples. We also tested the toxicity of decolorized wastewater samples using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. MtL and TtL were expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and secreted enzymes were purified by consecutive hydrophobic and gel chromatography. The molecular masses of TtL (~ 65 kDa) and MtL (> 100 kDa) suggested glycosylation of the recombinant enzymes. Deglycosylation of MtL and TtL led to 25% and 10% decreases in activity, respectively. In a thermal stability assay, TtL retained 61% and MtL 86% of the initial activity at 40 °C. While TtL retained roughly 50% activity at 60 °C, MtL lost stability at temperatures higher than 40 °C. MtL and TtL preferred syringaldazine as a substrate, and the catalytic efficiencies for ABTS oxidation were 7.5 times lower than for syringaldazine oxidation. In the presence of the mediator HBT, purified TtL almost completely decolorized dyes within 30 min and substantially decolorized wastewater samples from a textile factory (up to 74%) within 20 h. However, products of TtL-catalyzed decolorization were more toxic than MtL-decolorized products, which were almost completely detoxified.