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Identification of chromosomal translocation causing inactivation of the gene encoding anthocyanidin synthase in white pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) and development of a molecular marker for genotypic selection of fruit colors

Jeong, Hyeon-ju, Park, Moon-Young, Kim, Sunggil
Horticulture, environment and biotechnology 2018 v.59 no.6 pp. 857-864
Punica granatum, anthocyanidins, breeding programs, chromosome translocation, color, cultivars, fruits, genes, genetic markers, genotyping, messenger RNA, mutation, oxygenases, polymerase chain reaction, pomegranates, seedlings
Previous studies have not detected transcripts of the gene encoding anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) in white pomegranates (Punica granatum L.) and suggest that a large-sized insertion in the coding region of the ANS gene might be the causal mutation. To elucidate the identity of the putative insertion, 3887-bp 5′ and 3392-bp 3′ partial sequences of the insertion site were obtained by genome walking and a gene coding for an expansin-like protein was identified in these genome-walked sequences. An identical protein (GenBank accession OWM71963) isolated from pomegranate was identified from BLAST search. Based on information of OWM71963, a 5.8-Mb scaffold sequence with genes coding for the expansin-like protein and ANS were identified. The scaffold sequence assembled from a red pomegranate cultivar also contained all genome-walked sequences. Analysis of positions and orientations of these genes and genome-walked sequences revealed that the 27,786-bp region, including the 88-bp 5′ partial sequences of the ANS gene, might be translocated into an approximately 22-kb upstream region in an inverted orientation. Borders of the translocated region were confirmed by PCR amplification and sequencing. Based on the translocation mutation, a simple PCR codominant marker was developed for efficient genotyping of the ANS gene. This molecular marker could serve as a useful tool for selecting desirable plants at young seedling stages in pomegranate breeding programs.