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A genome‐wide association study reveals a quantitative trait locus for age at first calving in delta/notch‐like EGF repeat containing on chromosome 2 in Japanese Black cattle

Sasaki, Shinji, Ibi, Takayuki, Ikeda, Shogo, Sugimoto, Yoshikazu
Animal genetics 2014 v.45 no.2 pp. 285-287
Wagyu, calving, cattle, chromosomes, genetic variance, linkage disequilibrium, quantitative trait loci, reproductive performance, single nucleotide polymorphism
Age at first calving (AFC) is an important trait for achieving earlier reproductive performance in cattle. To identify quantitative trait loci for AFC in Japanese Black cattle, we conducted a genome‐wide association study using 866 animals with extreme AFC values selected from a larger group of 52 009 animals. We identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on bovine chromosome 2 that were associated with AFC. These SNPs were located within 112.8‐kbp intronic region of delta/notch‐like EGF repeat containing (DNER) and proved to be in a state of high linkage disequilibrium. The association was replicated in an independent sample of 2963 animals. In the replicated population, the frequency of the reduced AFC allele (Q) was 0.463, and the allele accounts for 8% of the total genetic variance. The effect of allele substitution on AFC was a decrease of 11.54 days. The results suggest that the Q allele could serve as a useful marker in Japanese Black cattle to select animals with superior AFC performance.