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Algal and Vegetable Oils as Sustainable Fish Oil Substitutes in Rainbow Trout Diets: An Approach to Reduce Contaminant Exposure

Bélanger-Lamonde, Amélie, Sarker, Pallab K., Ayotte, Pierre, Bailey, Janice L., Bureau, Dominique P., Chouinard, P. Yvan, Dewailly, Éric, Leblanc, Alain, Weber, Jean-Philippe, Vandenberg, Grant W.
Journal of food quality 2018 v.2018
Oncorhynchus mykiss, Schizochytrium, algae, canola, canola oil, developmental stages, dietary fat, digestibility, digestible energy, digestible protein, fish, fish oils, flame retardants, organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, soybeans, vegetable oil, Canada, Europe, United States
The aim of this study was to replace 75% of total fish oil (FO) and alter digestible protein/digestible energy (DP/DE) in rainbow trout feeds to minimize potentially hazardous environmental contaminant exposure. Two diets differing in DP/DE ratios (18 and 25) were combined with soybean (SO), canola (CO), and a blend of canola oil and Schizochytrium sp. (COS). Dietary lipids and DP/DE ratios did not affect apparent digestibility, growth, and somatic parameters. The n-3/n-6 levels decreased significantly in the growth trial, especially for the SO groups. A short washout trial restored n-3/n-6 levels for the CO and COS groups, irrespective of the DP/DE ratio, but not for the SO groups. At all sampling events, contaminant concentrations in fish flesh were lower than limits set by regulatory agencies in Canada, the US, and Europe. Contaminants were lower in the oil replacement diets compared to FO for toxaphenes, organochlorine pesticides, and PCBs but not flame retardants during the growth phase. At the end of the washout phase, no differences were detected. Thus, this study revealed that replacing 75% of total fish oil in rainbow trout feed by CO and COS, combined with a 25 DP/DE ratio, with a washout period seems to be the most efficient approach in terms of maximizing the total FO replacement and contribute to reducing POPs exposure.