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New type of alginate/chitosan microparticle membranes for highly efficient pervaporative dehydration of ethanol

Author:
Dudek, Gabriela, Turczyn, Roman
Source:
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.69 pp. 39567-39578
ISSN:
2046-2069
Subject:
alginates, chitosan, crosslinking, ethanol, glutaraldehyde, glycidol, microparticles, pervaporation
Abstract:
A new type of composite alginate membranes filled with chitosan (CS) and three different modified chitosan submicron particles, i.e. phosphorylated (CS-P), glycidol (CS-G) or glutaraldehyde (CS-GA) crosslinked ones, were prepared, and the pervaporation of water/ethanol mixture was investigated. The influence of various chitosan particles and their content on the transport properties of membranes was discussed. It was found that the addition of chitosan particles into the alginate matrix has a prominent effect on the ethanol/water separation efficiency. All tested membranes are characterized simultaneously by a high flux and selectivity, exhibiting advantageous properties, and outperforming numerous conventional materials. The best results were achieved for alginate membranes filled with phosphorylated chitosan particles at 10 wt%, for which separation factor, flux and PSI were equal to 136.2, 1.90 kg m⁻² h⁻¹ and 256.9 kg m⁻² h⁻¹, respectively.
Agid:
6245225