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Manganese soil and foliar fertilization of olive plantlets: the effect on leaf mineral and phenolic content and root mycorrhizal colonization

Pasković, Igor, Herak Ćustić, Mirjana, Pecina, Marija, Bronić, Josip, Ban, Dean, Radić, Tomislav, Pošćić, Filip, Jukić Špika, Maja, Soldo, Barbara, Palčić, Igor, Goreta Ban, Smiljana
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2019 v.99 no.1 pp. 360-367
calcareous soils, citric acid, leaves, manganese, oleuropein, olives, plantlets, root exudates, roots, soil treatment, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae, zeolites
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to examine the effect of foliar (Mn_fol) and soil Zeolite‐Mn (Mn_ZA) application on leaf mineral, total phenolic and oleuropein content, and mycorrhizae colonization of self‐rooted cv. Leccino plantlets grown on calcareous soil. RESULTS: The dissolution of zeolite was 97% when citric acid was applied at 0.05 mM dm⁻³, suggesting that organic acids excreted by roots can dissolve modified zeolite (Mn_ZA), making Mn available for plant uptake. The leaf Mn concentration was the highest for Mn_fol treatment at 90 days after transplanting (DAT) (172 mg kg⁻¹) and 150 DAT (70 mg kg⁻¹) compared to other treatments. Mn_ZA soil application increased leaf Mn concentration at 150 DAT compared to control and NPK treatments. The oleuropein leaf content was highest for Mn_fol compared to other treatments at 90 DAT and lowest at 150 DAT. Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization was higher for Mn_fol treatment at 150 DAT compared to all other treatments. CONCLUSION: Changes in the arbuscular colonization percentage and oleuropein content may be connected to stress conditions provoked by a high leaf Mn concentration in the Mn_fol treatment at 90 DAT. Mn_ZA application increased leaf Mn concentration at 150 DAT compared to control and NPK treatments. It can be assumed that the dominant mechanism in Mn uptake from modified zeolite is Mn_ZA dissolution through root exudates. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry