Main content area

Adaptation of some energetic parameters during transition period in dairy cows

Fiore, Enrico, Piccione, Giuseppe, Rizzo, Maria, Morgante, Massimo, Barberio, Antonio, Giudice, Elisabetta, Gianesella, Matteo
Journal of applied animal research 2018 v.46 no.1 pp. 402-405
3-hydroxybutyric acid, Holstein, analysis of variance, blood sampling, blood serum, calving, dairy cows, dairy farming, energy, farm management, free fatty acids, glucose, insulin, lactation, metabolism, reproductive performance
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of peripartum period and lactation class on serum β-hydroxybutyrate, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), insulin and glucose concentration in dairy cows. Thirty-five multiparous Holstein cows were selected from a high-producing dairy farm. The animals were divided according to their lactation class: second lactation group (L2, n = 16), third lactation group (L3, n = 10) and fourth lactation group (L4, n = 9). Blood sampling were performed 7 ± 5 days before calving (Pre/C) and 7 ± 5 days after calving (Post/C). Two-way analysis of variance was applied to determine significant effects of lactation class (L2, L3 and L4) and period (Pre/C and Post/C) on studied parameters. Increased NEFA values and lower insulin levels were found in Post/C respect to Pre/C in L2 and L4. These changes highlight the difficulty of dairy cows to cope with the energy demand characterizing the transition period. Improving in knowledge of energetic metabolism changes may help to supply a new strategy of farm management and reproductive performance in dairy cows during the transition period.