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Plant Metabolomics: Evaluation of Different Extraction Parameters for Nontargeted UPLC-ESI-QTOF-Mass Spectrometry at the Example of White Asparagus officinalis

Creydt, Marina, Arndt, Maike, Hudzik, Daria, Fischer, Markus
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.48 pp. 12876-12887
Asparagus officinalis, asparagus spears, mammals, metabolites, metabolomics, models, protocols, solvents, spectroscopy, ultrasonics
The extraction of metabolites turns out to be one of the most important key factors for nontargeted metabolomics approaches as this step can significantly affects the informative value of the successive measurements. Compared to metabolomics experiments of various matrices of bacterial or mammalian origins, there are only few studies, which focus on different extraction methods for plant metabolomics analyses. In this study, various solvent extraction compositions were compared and assessed using an UPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS strategy. Exemplary, white asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) were employed as a low-fat-, low-protein-, high-water-content model commodity with the objective of designing an optimal nontargeted extraction protocol for polar and nonpolar metabolites. Furthermore, the influence of acid addition, mechanical cell disruption methods (ball mill, ultrasonic bath, vortex mixer), and extract stability have been systematically scrutinized too. The different extraction protocols were compared based on sum of features, sum of peak intensities, sum of peak areas, as well as by analyzing individual signals of as many different substance groups as possible to obtain a maximum overview.