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Identifying Single Viruses Using Biorecognition Solid-State Nanopores

Arima, Akihide, Harlisa, Ilva Hanun, Yoshida, Takeshi, Tsutsui, Makusu, Tanaka, Masayoshi, Yokota, Kazumichi, Tonomura, Wataru, Yasuda, Jiro, Taniguchi, Masateru, Washio, Takashi, Okochi, Mina, Kawai, Tomoji
Journal of the American Chemical Society 2018 v.140 no.48 pp. 16834-16841
Influenza A virus, amino acid sequences, antibodies, antigens, chemical interactions, disease diagnosis, hemagglutinins, immunosensors, influenza, ligands, nanopores, oligopeptides, screening, synthetic peptides, viruses
Immunosensing is a bioanalytical technique capable of selective detections of pathogens by utilizing highly specific and strong intermolecular interactions between recognition probes and antigens. Here, we exploited the molecular mechanism in artificial nanopores for selective single-virus identifications. We designed hemagglutinin antibody mimicking oligopeptides with a weak affinity to influenza A virus. By functionalizing the pore wall surface with the synthetic peptides, we rendered specificity to virion–nanopore interactions. The ligand binding thereof was found to perturb translocation dynamics of specific viruses in the nanochannel, which facilitated digital typing of influenza by the resistive pulse bluntness. As amino acid sequence degrees of freedom can potentially offer variety of recognition ability to the molecular probes, this peptide nanopore approach can be used as a versatile immunosensor with single-particle sensitivity that promises wide applications in bioanalysis including bacterial and viral screening to infectious disease diagnosis.