Main content area

Experimental study on dioxin formation in an MSW gasification-combustion process: An attempt for the simultaneous control of dioxins and nitrogen oxides

Zhang, Rui-zhi, Luo, Yong-hao, Yin, Ren-hao
Waste management 2018 v.82 pp. 292-301
chlorine, combustion, dioxins, flue gas, gasification, industry, municipal solid waste, nitric oxide, synthesis gas, temperature, waste management
A gasification-combustion conversion process has been proposed for MSW disposal, and the positive effect of “homogeneous conversion” and “staged combustion” on the stabilization of Cl atoms and the rupture of CCl has been proved previously in fundamental experiments. To verify and evaluate their inhibition effect on dioxin generation, a bench-scale experimental system of the proposed process was established in the present work and an experimental study on the formation of dioxins in the process was carried out. Since both dioxins and nitrogen oxides should be strictly controlled while applied in industry, the simultaneous control of nitrogen oxides was also considered. Results indicated that “homogeneous conversion” has a clear inhibition effect on dioxins in both the syngas from gasification and the flue gas from combustion, which is a very important process in the stabilization of Cl atoms and the control of dioxins. During the “staged combustion” of the syngas, the increase of SR1, the rise of temperature and the extension of residence time all have a clear inhibition effect on dioxins in the flue gas. The extension of residence time seems to be more efficient, and while increasing SR1 and temperature, the regeneration of active chlorine species and the increase of NO need to be concerned. By the combination of “homogeneous conversion” with a temperature of 700 °C and “staged combustion” with a SR1/SR2 ratio of 0.7/0.4, a temperature of 900 °C, a residence time of 241 ms, a satisfactory simultaneous control of both dioxins and nitrogen oxides was obtained in the experiments of the present work.