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A new Trichuris species (Nematoda: Trichuridae) from capybaras: Morphological-molecular characterization and phylogenetic relationships

Eberhardt, Ayelen T., Robles, María del Rosario, Monje, Lucas D., Beldomenico, Pablo M., Callejón, Rocio
Acta tropica 2019 v.190 pp. 244-252
Caviidae, Cricetidae, Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris, Muridae, Myocastoridae, Trichuris, internal transcribed spacers, new species, phylogeny, ribosomal DNA, rodents, Africa, Argentina, Europe
A new species of Trichuris (Nematoda: Trichuridae) is described from the capybara, Hydrochoeris hydrochaeris (Rodentia: Caviidae), from two localities of Corrientes Province, based on morphological characteristics and ITS1 and ITS2 of nuclear rDNA region sequences. This species present morphological differences with 28 species of the genus described from North and South American rodents. Also, the new species is molecularly characterized and differentiated from those species from Muridae, Cricetidae and Myocastoridae rodents recorded from North and South America, Europe and Africa. Trichuris cutillasae n. sp. constitutes the ninth record from rodents of Argentina, and the second record for Caviidae. The phylogenetic analysis showed that the specimens of new species are in the same clade, and separated from specimens of T. myocastoris (ITS1and ITS2), T. navonae, T. bainae, Trichuris sp. and T. pardinasi (ITS2). Similarly, analysis of concatenated sequences ITS1 and ITS2 added further evidence that T. cutillasae n. sp. is a different species from those previously analyzed.