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Autophagy in FOXD1 stroma-derived cells regulates renal fibrosis through TGF-β and NLRP3 inflammasome pathway
- Nam, Sun Ah, Kim, Wan-Young, Kim, Jin-Won, Kang, Min Gyu, Park, Sang Hee, Lee, Myung-Shik, Kim, Hyung Wook, Yang, Chul Woo, Kim, Jin, Kim, Yong Kyun
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.508 no.3 pp. 965-972
- apoptosis, autophagy, caspase-1, fibrosis, inflammasomes, interleukins, kidney diseases, kidneys, mice, protective effect, signal transduction, stromal cells, transforming growth factor beta
- Renal fibrosis is the final common pathway of various renal injuries and it leads to chronic kidney disease. Recent studies reported that FOXD1-lineage pericyte plays a critical role in tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF). However the regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. Autophagy is a cellular process of degradation of damaged cytoplasmic components that regulates cell death and proliferation. To investigate the role of autophagy in FOXD1-lineage pericytes on renal TIF, we generated the FOXD1-lineage stromal cell-specific Atg7 deletion (Atg7△FOXD1) mice. FOXD1-lineage stromal cell-specific Atg7 deletion enhanced renal TIF through Smad-dependent transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling after unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). FOXD1-lineage stromal cell-specific Atg7 deletion increased the accumulation of interstitial myofibroblasts and enhanced the differentiation of pericytes into myofibroblasts after UUO. Peritubular capillary rarefaction was accelerated in Atg7△FOXD1 mice after UUO. Atg7△FOXD1 mice increased the accumulation of SQSTM1/p62-positive aggregates in the obstructed kidney and resulted in increased expression of NLRP3 inflammasome, interleukin (IL) 1-β and caspase-1 signaling pathway, which enhanced apoptosis of interstitial cells after UUO. In summary, our data showed that autophagy in FOXD1-lineage stromal cells plays a protective role in renal TIF through regulating the Smad4 dependent TGF-β an NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway.