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Oligomeric state of αB-crystallin under crowded conditions

Chebotareva, Natalia A., Eronina, Tatiana B., Roman, Svetlana G., Mikhaylova, Valeriya V., Sluchanko, Nikolai N., Gusev, Nikolai B., Kurganov, Boris I.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.508 no.4 pp. 1101-1105
dissociation, glycogen, heat shock proteins, models, muscles, phosphorylase, polyethylene glycol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, trimethylamine, ultracentrifugation
Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) are molecular chaperones preventing protein aggregation. Dynamics of quaternary structure plays an important role in the chaperone-like activity of sHsps. However, an interrelation between the oligomeric state and chaperone-like activity of sHsps remains insufficiently characterized. Most of the accumulated data were obtained in dilute protein solutions, leaving the question of the oligomeric state of sHsps in crowded intracellular media largely unanswered. Here, we analyzed the effect of crowding on the oligomeric state of αB-crystallin (αB-Cr) using analytical ultracentrifugation. Marked increase in the sedimentation coefficient of αB-Cr was observed in the presence of polyethylene glycol (PEG), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) at 48 °C. An especially pronounced effect was detected for the PEG and TMAO mixture, where the sedimentation coefficient (s20,w) of αB-Cr increased from 10.7 S in dilute solution up to 40.7 S in the presence of crowding agents. In the PEG + TMAO mixture, addition of model protein substrate (muscle glycogen phosphorylase b) induced dissociation of large αB-Cr oligomers and formation of complexes with smaller sedimentation coefficients, supporting the idea that, under crowding conditions, protein substrates can promote dissociation of large αB-Cr oligomers.