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Waxberry-like hierarchically porous ethyl-bridged hybrid silica microsphere: A substrate for enzyme catalysis and high-performance liquid chromatography

Li, Jing, Xu, Li, Shi, Zhi-guo
Journal of chromatography 2019 v.1587 pp. 79-87
carboxylic ester hydrolases, catalytic activity, high performance liquid chromatography, macropores, mass transfer, microparticles, polymerization, pulp and paper industry, separation, silica, solvents
In this study, the ethyl-bridged hybrid silica microsphere with hierarchically meso-macroporous structure was initially synthesized through a method combining dispersion polymerization with sol-gel transition and phase separation. The flow-through macropores rendered the microsphere a rough surface like a waxberry, and thus the material was named as waxberry-like ethyl-bridged hybrid silica sphere (WEHS). WEHS was characteristic of appropriate alkali-stability, which was highly difficult for the pure silica. Additionally, WEHS possessed hierarchical meso- and macropores, which added additional value for faster mass transfer than the conventional fully porous silica materials. Taking the advantages of WEHS, it was successfully applied as the substrate to immobilize lipase; the prepared immobilized lipase exhibited high catalytic activity and favorable reusability under alkaline conditions, which was significant in pitch control of neutral-alkaline papermaking industry. Moreover, as the high-performance liquid chromatographic stationary phase matrix, WEHS made the separation under alkaline mobile phase into a reality for the silica-based materials. Besides, an ultra-fast and efficient separation in minutes was achieved with lower consumption of solvents and saving analytical time, which is highly desired in modern analysis. In general, WEHS was a novel and promising candidate in the myriads of silica-based materials.