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Dimethyloxalylglycine preconditioning enhances protective effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in Aβ- induced Alzheimer disease

Esmaeilzade, Banafshe, Artimani, Tayebe, Amiri, Iraj, Najafi, Rezvan, Shahidi, Siamak, Sabec, Marie, Farzadinia, Parviz, Zare, Mohammadali, Zahiri, Maria, Soleimani Asl, Sara
Physiology & behavior 2019 v.199 pp. 265-272
Alzheimer disease, CCR2 receptor, CXCR4 receptor, animal models, antioxidant activity, cell viability, enzyme inhibitors, hippocampus, hypoxia-inducible factor 1, medicinal properties, memory, mesenchymal stromal cells, neurodegenerative diseases, procollagen-proline dioxygenase, protective effect, rats, stem cells, therapeutics
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation therapy has been proposed as a promising approach for the treatment of neurodegenerative disease. Chemical and pharmacological preconditioning before transplantation could optimize the therapeutic properties of transplanted MSCs. In this study, we hypothesized that preconditioning treatment with a prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor, dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG), will increase MSC efficacy and paracrine effects in an amyloid-β (Aβ)-injected Alzheimer rat model. MSCs were incubated in different concentrations of DMOG for 24 h. Cell viability, migration, and antioxidant capacity was assessed in DMOG-treated and non-treated MSCs before transplantation into Aβ-injected rats. In vitro analysis revealed that DMOG treatment increased cell viability, migration, and expression of CXCR4, CCR2, Nrf2, and HIF-1α in the MSCs. Our in vivo results show that DMOG preconditioning enhances a MSC-mediated rescue of learning and memory function in Aβ-injected rats. Furthermore, we found an increased level of BDNF and total antioxidant capacity in the hippocampus of Aβ-injected rats following transplantation of preconditioned relative to untreated MSCs. Our results suggest that preconditioning MSCs with DMOG before transplantation may enhance the efficacy of stem cell based therapy in neurodegenerative disease.