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Fast and efficient removal of As(III) from water by CuFe2O4 with peroxymonosulfate: Effects of oxidation and adsorption

Wei, Yuanfeng, Liu, Hui, Liu, Chengbin, Luo, Shenglian, Liu, Yutang, Yu, Xingwen, Ma, Jianhong, Yin, Kai, Feng, Haopeng
Water research 2019 v.150 pp. 182-190
adsorption, arsenic, byproducts, carbonates, catalytic activity, energy, humic acids, ions, oxidation, pH, remediation, silicates, sludge, sulfates, temperature, toxicity
Although oxidation of As(III) to As(V) is deemed necessary to promote arsenic removal, the oxidation process usually involves toxic byproducts, well-defined conditions, energy input or sludge generation. Moreover, extra operations are required to remove the resulting As(V). A heterogeneous catalytic process of CuFe2O4 with peroxymonosulfate (PMS) is established for As(III) oxidation and adsorption. The PMS can be activated by CuFe2O4 to generate radical species for As(III) oxidation. The CuFe2O4/PMS has a stronger affinity for arsenic than CuFe2O4 alone. Oxidation and adsorption promote each other. As a result, the heterogeneous catalytic process is more efficient for As(III) removal than a preoxidation of As(III) followed by adsorption. The adsorption capacity for As on CuFe2O4/PMS reached up to 63.9 mg/g, which is much higher than that of As(III) (36.9 mg/g) or As(V) (45.4 mg/g) on CuFe2O4 alone. The process can work effectively over a wide range of pH values (3–9) and temperatures (10–40 °C). Coexisting ions such as sulfate, carbonate, silicate and humic acid have an insignificant effect on As(III) removal. The As(III) (1415 μg/L) can be completely oxidized to As(V) and rapidly removed to below 10 μg/L (less than 15 min) using CuFe2O4(0.2 g/L)/PMS(100 μM). Moreover, the As(III) (50 μg/L) can be completely oxidized and removed within 1 min. The proposed process is easily applicable for the remediation of As(III)-contaminated water under ambient conditions.