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Performance assessment and optimization of a novel multi-generation system from thermodynamic and thermoeconomic viewpoints

Ghaebi, Hadi, Shekari Namin, Amin, Rostamzadeh, Hadi
Energy conversion and management 2018 v.165 pp. 419-439
ammonia, cooling, desalination, exergy, freshwater, heat, mass flow, products and commodities, refrigeration, temperature, vapors
Multi-generation systems are promising technologies for multiple production applications to reduce the waste heat of the basic system. For this purpose, a novel multi-generation system using geothermal heat source is proposed which produces different commodities of cooling, heating, power and freshwater, simultaneously. The system comprises of a Kalina cycle, an absorption refrigeration cycle, a humidification-dehumidification desalination system, and a domestic water heater unit system. Exergoeconomic optimization of the proposed system is conducted, showing that the optimum thermal efficiency, exergy efficiency and total SUCP (sum unit cost of the product) can be obtained 94.84%, 47.89%, and 89.95 $/GJ, respectively. Moreover, a comprehensive parametric study showed that the Gained-Output-Ratio, freshwater, thermal efficiency and exergy efficiency can be optimized based on the desalination mass flow rate ratio. In addition, it is demonstrated that a higher thermal efficiency can be obtained by increasing vapour generator pinch point temperature difference, turbine inlet pressure, and evaporator temperature or decreasing condenser temperature, absorber temperature, basic ammonia concentration, desalination top temperature, desalination bottom temperature, and heater terminal temperature difference. Whereas, a higher exergy efficiency can be attained at high evaporator temperature, basic ammonia concentration, and desalination bottom temperature or low vapour generator pinch point temperature difference, turbine inlet pressure, condenser temperature, absorber temperature, desalination top temperature, and heater terminal temperature difference.