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Enhanced power generation through integrated renewable energy plants: Solar chimney and waste-to-energy

Habibollahzade, Ali, Houshfar, Ehsan, Ashjaee, Mehdi, Behzadi, Amirmohammad, Gholamian, Ehsan, Mehdizadeh, Hamid
Energy conversion and management 2018 v.166 pp. 48-63
air, ambient temperature, condensers, electricity generation, exergy, mass flow, municipal solid waste, power generation, power plants, relative humidity, solar chimneys, solar energy, water content, wind power, wind speed
In the present paper, a novel method is proposed to enhance the power production and resolve the inconsistent electricity generation of solar chimney power plants (SCPPs) during nighttime. For this purpose, an integrated renewable cycle is proposed by incorporating two technologies: solar chimney and waste-to-energy. The combination is performed by exploiting the warm air of the condensers outlet into the SCPP. The waste-to-energy (WTE) plant in Tehran is thermodynamically analyzed and the mass flow rate of the condensers cooling air is found. Results indicate that by decreasing the humidity of the municipal solid waste (MSW) from 40% to 30% or by increasing MSW feeding rate (0.934–1.146 kg/s), the mass flow rate of the condenser cooling air increases from 190.3 kg/s to 233.7 kg/s. In addition, by increasing the feeding rate or by decreasing the humidity of MSW in the mentioned range, net power output of the WTE plant increases from 1350 kW to 1650 kW. The best injection method is proposed for the warm air of the condensers outlet into the SCPP. Subsequently, the average power increase is examined in different months and parametric study is performed to assess the influence of the effective WTE parameters and meteorological variables on the power output of the SCPP. The final power of the SCPP reaches 20–70 kW (even at the hottest night of the year with 5% relative humidity) and increases 20–1200% and 65–94% (monthly average) compared to the case of without injection. Results demonstrate that in the integrated system, by a 22% increase in the MSW feeding rate (from 0.934 kg/s to 1.146 kg/s) or by decreasing the MSW moisture content (from 40% to 30%), power output of the WTE plant and SCPP increases by 22% and 7%, respectively. Additionally, relative humidity of the surrounding air can increase the SCPP power production by 25%. In addition, the results indicate that wind speeds higher than 12.5 m/s will not affect power production of the SCPP, while relative humidity of the surrounding air, ambient temperature, the MSW feeding rate, and humidity of the MSW have considerable effects on the SCPP power production. In average, total energy and useful exergy efficiency of the proposed system is increased by 0.15% and 0.12% compared to the standalone WTE plant during nighttime. The integration of SCPP with the WTE plant is an applicable method to enhance the power generation and overcome the inconsistent power production of SCPP during nighttime.