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A novel second-order thermal model of Stirling engines with consideration of losses due to the speed of the crack system

Sayyaadi, Hoseyn, Ghasemi, Hossein
Energy conversion and management 2018 v.168 pp. 505-521
friction, models, prototypes, temperature
Very accurate second-order thermal models have been developed for the thermal simulation of Stirling engines in recent years. One of the last ones is the comprehensive polytropic model of Stirling engine called the CPMS model. The accuracy of the CPMS model was found to be sufficient for the nominal operation of a prototype Stirling engine known as the GPU-3 engine. Nevertheless, the accuracy of the CPMS model was drastically reduced at high rotational speeds of the engine. In this paper, power loss and pressure change due to the inertial force of the crank system were integrated into the CPMS thermal model in order to compensate inaccuracy of the CPMS model at high rotational speeds. Moreover, the effect of rotational speed on the gas temperature in heater and cooler was also incorporated. A precise model for evaluating the mechanical friction loss was also employed and compared with the simple frictional model of the simple frictional model used in the CPMS. The model was examined on the GPU-3 engine, and it was found that it has superior accuracy compared to the previous thermal model over the entire working regime of the GPU-3 engine.