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Replacement or displacement? Periurbanisation and changing water access in the Kumaon Himalaya, India

Narain, Vishal, Singh, Aditya Kumar
Land use policy 2019 v.82 pp. 130-137
climate change, ecology, gender, hills, land use change, people, politics, urbanization, water resources, Himalayan region, India
This paper describes the impacts of urbanisation on the water sources of the residents of Mukteshwar in the Kumaon hills of North India. It uses a periurban conceptual lens to understand the changing flows of people and natural resources between Mukteshwar and connecting urban centres. Following land use change, it traces the impacts of these processes on water sources and institutions, and employs a political ecology framing to illustrate how water resources are (re) appropriated. Further demonstrating how the effects of these changes are aggravated by climatic change and variability it describes how these processes impact gender relations around natural resource collection. The paper concludes with identifying some key areas for further research on periurbanisation processes in mountain contexts, focusing on important ideas and concepts that can be relevant in capturing the processes underway.