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Outdoor manufacture of UV-Cured plastic linings for storm water culvert repair: Chemical emissions and residual

Li, Xianzhen, Ra, Kyungyeon, Nuruddin, Md, Teimouri Sendesi, Seyedeh Mahboobeh, Howarter, John A., Youngblood, Jeffrey P., Zyaykina, Nadya, Jafvert, Chad T., Whelton, Andrew J.
Environmental pollution 2019 v.245 pp. 1031-1040
air, air pollutants, air pollution, assets, carcinogens, culverts, dibutyl phthalate, emissions, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, environmental protection, fiberglass, manufacturing, particulates, phenol, public safety, roads, soil, stormwater, styrene, toxicity, water quality standards, New York, Virginia
Storm water culverts are integral for U.S. public safety and welfare, and their mechanical failure can cause roadways to collapse. To repair these buried assets, ultraviolet (UV) light cured-in-place-pipes (CIPP) are being installed. Chemical emission and residual material left behind from the installation process was investigated in New York and Virginia, USA. Samples of an uncured resin tube and field-cured styrene-based resin CIPPs were collected and analyzed. Also collected were air and water samples before, during, and after installations. Chemicals were emitted into air because of the installation and curing processes. Particulates emitted into the air, water, and soil contained fiberglass, polymer, and contaminants, some of which are regulated by state-level water quality standards. The uncured resin tube contained more than 70 chemical compounds, and 19 were confirmed with analytical standards. Compounds included known and suspected carcinogens, endocrine disrupting compounds, hazardous air pollutants, and other compounds with little aquatic toxicity data available. Compounds (14 of 19 confirmed) were extracted from the newly installed CIPPs, and 11 were found in water samples. Aqueous styrene (2.31 mg/L), dibutyl phthalate (12.5 μg/L), and phenol (16.7 μg/L) levels exceeded the most stringent state water quality standards chosen in this study. Styrene was the only compound that was found to have exceed a 48 h aquatic toxicity threshold. Newly installed CIPPs contained a significant amount volatile material (1.0 to > 9.0 wt%). Recommendations provided can reduce chemical emission, as well as improve worksite and environmental protection practices. Recommended future research is also described.