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A potential source for PM2.5: Analysis of fine particle generation mechanism in Wet Flue Gas Desulfurization System by modeling drying and breakage of slurry droplet

Jiang, Binfan, Xie, Yulei, Xia, Dehong, Liu, Xiangjun
Environmental pollution 2019 v.246 pp. 249-256
aerosols, air pollution, droplets, drying, flue gas, flue gas desulfurization, gypsum, limestone, models, particulates, slurries, sulfur dioxide, temperature, China
Aerosol particulate matter with dynamic diameter smaller than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) is the main cause for haze pollution in China. As a dominant precursor of PM2.5, SO2 emitted from industrial process is now strictly controlled by using limestone/gypsum Wet Flue Gas Desulfurization (WFGD) system in China. However, a phenomenon that fine particle derived from WFGD is recently addressed, and is suggested to be a potential source of primary PM2.5. Herein, a first investigation into the particle generation mechanism in WFGD system is conducted with a novel droplet (containing particles) drying and breakage model. The proposed model considers a random and porous crust instead of the previous regular crust assumption, and is verified by comparing the modeling results with measurements. An orthogonal test with four factors and three levels is carried out through modeling calculation, and flue gas temperature (Tg) in the inlet is found to be a governing parameter for PM2.5 yields in WFGD. With Tg in range of 120–160 °C, PM2.5 yields in desulfurizing tower can reach a maximum value at ∼2 × 108 cm−3 under typical WFGD condition. To avoid this situation and reduce the PM2.5 generation, Tg is suggested to be lower than 120 °C. Additionally, a new insight of the elimination effect of gas-gas heater (GGH) on “gypsum rain” in WFGD system is provided.