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Impact of gastrointestinal parasitism on dry matter intake and live weight gain of lambs: A meta-analysis to estimate the metabolic cost of gastrointestinal nematodes
- Méndez-Ortíz, F.A., Sandoval-Castro, C.A., Vargas-Magaña, J.J., Sarmiento-Franco, L., Torres-Acosta, J.F.J., Ventura-Cordero, J.
- Veterinary parasitology 2019 v.265 pp. 1-6
- adults, body weight, crude protein, diet, dry matter intake, energy, gastrointestinal nematodes, gastrointestinal system, lambs, liveweight gain, meta-analysis, metabolizable energy, nutrient intake, nutritional adequacy, parasitism, regression analysis
- This study aimed to estimate the effect of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) on the productive performance assessed by the live-weight change (LWC) of lambs, and the metabolic cost associated with parasitism by means of a meta-analysis. Data used in the meta-analyses were obtained from twenty papers selected using the following criteria: (a) lambs with (I) and without (NI) GIN; (b) lambs fed ad libitum; (c) LWC data; (d) feed consumption data; and (e) chemical composition of diets. The effect of diet composition (crude protein [CP] and metabolizable energy [ME]) on dry matter intake (DMI), and the effect of composition and nutrient intake (DMI and CP intake [CPI]) and ME intake (MEI) on LWC was evaluated using respective regression analyses. The metabolic cost of worm burden was determined as the difference in CP and ME requirements between NI and I lambs for each adult parasite. The CP and ME cost were evaluated for lambs at two different levels: maintenance level 0 g LWC and 100 g LWC. The worm burden had an impact on the DMI and LWC of lambs (P < 0.05). The association of CP x infection level was the best predictor of DMI. The association between MEI and infection level were the best predictors of LWC. The metabolic cost of GIN increased to 0.30 mg CP/kg LW0.75 and 0.0056 kJ ME/kg LW0.75 for each adult parasite. The metabolic cost was not modified by diet quality (maintenance level 0 g LW/day or 100 g LW/day). In conclusion, GIN has a negative effect on DMI and LWC. The metabolic cost of GIN infection can be covered by supplying the additional requirements for protein and energy in the diet of infected lambs.