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Clinical comparison of two techniques of brachial plexus block for forelimb surgery in dogs

Benigni, L., Lafuente, P., Viscasillas, J.
The veterinary journal 2019 v.244 pp. 23-27
analgesia, anesthesia, blood pressure, dogs, heart rate, hypotension, orthopedics, plexus, respiratory rate, surgery, ultrasonography
The objective of this study was to compare two different local anaesthesia techniques for intraoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing surgical procedures distal to the mid humeral diaphysis. Thirty-two dogs were divided into two groups: the US group received an ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block at the level of the first rib and the N group received a neurostimulation-guided paravertebral brachial plexus block. Ropivacaine 0.75% at 1.5mg/kg was injected in each case. Dogs were monitored during the surgical procedure, and rescue analgesia was administered whenever the heart rate, respiratory rate or blood pressure increased more than 20% from the basal values. Success rate was defined as no need for rescue analgesia during surgery and complete blockade of the operated leg evaluated just after anaesthesia recovery. Complications were also recorded. Data was analysed using Fisher exact and Mann/Whitney tests.Success rate was observed in 14/16 (87%) dogs and in 12/16 (75%) dogs in the US and N groups, respectively (P=0.65). Complications recorded were hypotension in three cases (US group, n=1; N group, n=2) and Horner’s syndrome in three cases (US group, n=1; N group, n=2; P=0.65). Both techniques were found to provide good level of analgesia that allowed performing the orthopaedic procedures from the mid humeral diaphysis and distal in the limb, without the need for further analgesia.