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Study and modeling of fluctuating dissolved oxygen concentration impact on Corynebacterium glutamicum growth in a scale-down bioreactor

Kaboré, Abdoul Karim, Delaunay, Stéphane, Blanchard, Fabrice, Guedon, Emmanuel, Fick, Michel, Olmos, Eric
Process biochemistry 2019 v.77 pp. 8-17
Corynebacterium glutamicum, aeration, bacteria, bioreactors, dissolved oxygen, growth models, kinetics, microbial growth
In this study, the impact of dissolved oxygen concentrations oscillations on Corynebacterium glutamicum 2262 ΔldhA growth was studied experimentally and modeled. Aiming at this, a dedicated two-compartment scale down set-up composed of two interconnected aerobic/anaerobic stirred tank bioreactors was used. The mean residence time of bacteria in each compartment was modified by adapting circulation rates and culture volumes in each bioreactor and the resulting temporal ratio of aeration was calculated. The five growth kinetics were then modeled using an original kinetic model coupling Monod growth modeling and the Residence Time Distributions. Our study showed that the microbial growth rate and macroscopic yields were clearly linked to the temporal ratio of aeration, allowing the definition of simple but robust law for process scale-up purpose. It was also revealed that the model proposed precisely agreed with the experimental growth data, whatever the fractions of aeration time imposed experimentally.