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How Does Evolution in Phosphorus-Impoverished Landscapes Impact Plant Nitrogen and Sulfur Assimilation?

Author:
Prodhan, M. Asaduzzaman, Finnegan, Patrick M., Lambers, Hans
Source:
Trends in plant science 2019 v.24 no.1 pp. 69-82
ISSN:
1360-1385
Subject:
Proteaceae, crop yield, crops, landscapes, nitrogen, phosphorus, phosphorus fertilizers, plant nitrogen content, ribosomal RNA, rock phosphate, sulfur
Abstract:
Phosphorus (P) fertilisers, made from rock phosphate, are used to attain high crop yields. However, rock phosphate is a finite resource and excessive P fertilisers pollute our environment, stressing the need for more P-efficient crops. Some Proteaceae have evolved in extremely P-impoverished environments. One of their adaptations is to curtail the abundance of ribosomal RNA, and thus protein, and tightly control the acquisition and assimilation of nitrogen (N) and sulfur. This differs fundamentally from plants that evolved in environments where N limits plant productivity, but is likely common in many species that evolved in P-impoverished landscapes. Here, we scrutinise the relevance of these responses towards developing P-efficient crops, focusing on plant species where ‘P is in the driver’s seat’.
Agid:
6252434