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Inside the Black Box: Understanding key drivers of global emission scenarios

Koomey, Jonathan, Schmidt, Zachary, Hummel, Holmes, Weyant, John
Environmental modelling & software 2019 v.111 pp. 268-281
emissions, energy, issues and policy, models
Technology and policy implications of global energy and emissions scenarios can be difficult to analyze because underlying assumptions and drivers of scenarios are rarely made explicit. This article documents methods for standardizing emissions scenario results that can be applied to virtually any scenario, enabling more meaningful comparisons among scenarios than has been possible in the past.This approach uses charts showing the dynamics and effects of emission drivers, mitigation technologies, and policies. Applying these methods will enable the policy and research communities to better understand the implications of scenarios, and help analysts learn more rapidly. As a matter of good practice, modelers should create decompositions like the ones put forth in this article, policy makers should request them, and funders of scenario analysis and sponsors of model comparisons should support the application and further development of such tools.