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Successful transcatheter retrieval of embolized Amplatz Canine Duct Occluders in two dogs

Lavennes, M., Chetboul, V., Passavin, P., Gouni, V., Damoiseaux, C., Poissonnier, C., Carazo Arias, L.E., Alvarado, M.P., Morlet, A., Chevènement, O., Behr, L., Borenstein, N.
Journal of veterinary cardiology 2018 v.20 no.6 pp. 451-457
Cocker Spaniel, German Shepherd, anesthesia, dogs, edema, jugular vein, medical equipment, patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary artery
Transcatheter occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using an Amplatz® Canine Duct Occluder (ACDO) is routinely performed in dogs. Pulmonary embolization of the device is a rarely reported complication of this procedure. We report here the first two cases of successful transcatheter retrieval of an embolized ACDO. An 8-month-old, 21-kg, German shepherd (case 1) was referred for pulmonary edema secondary to a large PDA with left-to-right shunting. After medical stabilization, an emergency procedure for PDA closure was recommended. An 8-mm ACDO was deployed under general anesthesia. The device was released after confirming its stability with a gentle tug test but migrated into the pulmonary trunk. A 10-mm ACDO was subsequently successfully deployed and released. Vascular access was then obtained from the right jugular vein so that a vascular snare could be used to capture the ACDO waist and pull it back toward the right ventricle and then the right atrium. It was then removed through the jugular vein. The dog recovered uneventfully and was discharged after confirmation of complete ductal occlusion. The same complication occurred in a second case (case 2, asymptomatic 6-month-old, 7.9-kg, cocker spaniel), and a similar procedure was used to successfully retrieve the embolized device. Both dogs are still doing well 9 and 21 months, respectively, after the procedure. These cases illustrate that transcatheter retrieval of ACDO devices embolized in the pulmonary artery using vascular snares is technically feasible in the dog.